Poverty in India

poverty in india
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Poverty is one of the main issues attracting the attention of sociologists and economists.Though India boasts of high economic growth, it is shameful that there is still large scale poverty in India.

Poverty is the sum total of a multiplicity of factors that include not just income and calorie intake but also access to land and credit nutrition, health and longevity, literacy and safe drinking water, sanitation and other infrastructure facilities.

Poverty is one of the main issues attracting the attention of sociologists and economists. It indicates a condition in which a person fails to maintain a living standard adequate for a comfortable lifestyle. Though India boasts of high economic growth, it is shameful that there is still large scale poverty in India. Poverty in India can be defined as a situation when a certain section of people are unable to fulfill their basic needs. India has the world’s largest number of poor people living in a single country. Out of its total population of more than 1 billion, 350 to 400 million people are living below the poverty line.

Poverty may also be known as a state symbol in less developed countries. This is the grim spectacle of poverty. India is a poor country. We can easily see this picture of uneducated, hungry and poverty-stricken people also in India. Mass poverty is one of the important characteristics of the Indian economy. In India, due to poverty about half of our population leads a miserable life.

By poverty, we generally mean a situation in which a person fails to earn income sufficient to purchase his bare means of subsistence. A poor man is one who does not have command over the basic needs of life like enough food, clothing, drinking water and shelter on the material level or the nonmaterial level a poor man is deprived of his basic social needs like health and education. Three broad concepts of poverty can be identified. Poverty can be defined as subsistence, inequality, and externality. But poverty is mainly viewed in two ways absolute and relative. In an absolute sense, poverty relates to subsistence. It means the absence of the minimum physical quantities of food required for an individual. People are considered poor if they fail to attain a minimum standard of consumption and nutrition necessary for their basic existence.

Problems of rural poverty are due to the presence of malnutrition, illiteracy, diseases, and long term health problems and unhygienic living conditions, lack of proper housing, high infant mortality rate, and injustice to women and social ill-treatment of certain section of society. Steps should be taken by the government to remove urban-rural poverty.

This is an ever-growing crisis in India. We must make sure that our country does not become another Somalia.

Liyo Tom

Liyo Tom

Class X student of Stella Maris Convent Senior Secondary School, Thiruvaniyoor.

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